Body Fat Calculator
The Body Fat Calculator offers an estimation of your overall body fat using specific measurements. Opt for the "Metric Units" tab for measurements in the International System of Units (SI). For optimal accuracy, take measurements up to the nearest 1/4 inch (0.5 cm). This tool employs the U.S. Navy approach and also provides a body fat percentage using the BMI method, as detailed below.
Body Fat: 15.7%
|Body Fat (U.S. Navy Method)||15.7%|
|Body Fat Category||Fitness|
|Body Fat Mass||11.0 kgs|
|Lean Body Mass||59.0 kgs|
|Ideal Body Fat for Given Age
(Jackson & Pollard)
|Body Fat to Lose to Reach Ideal||3.6 kgs|
|Body Fat (BMI method)||16.0%|
Understanding Body Fat
What is Adipose Tissue? The scientific term for body fat, "adipose tissue," has several key functions. It stores lipids for energy, produces vital hormones, and offers cushioning and insulation to the body.
Types of Body Fat
Essential Body Fat: This is the base level of fat found in most body parts and is crucial for life and reproductive functions. Men typically have 2-5% essential fat, while women have about 10-13%. Men's healthy fat range is 8-19%, and for women, it's 21-33%. Both insufficient and excessive body fat can impact health.
Storage Fat: This accumulates in adipose tissue, either subcutaneously or viscerally. It's the fat type we usually refer to. Having some is good, but too much can be harmful.
Overweight vs. Obesity Being overweight doesn't always mean an excess of body fat. Body weight includes factors like muscle, bone density, and water. So, muscular individuals can be deemed overweight. Body fat accumulation varies among individuals due to genetics, behavior, diet, and exercise. For some, shedding abdominal fat can be challenging. Both diet and exercise management can reduce fat storage. Remember, body fat storage changes over time. For instance, post 40 or after menopause for women, hormonal shifts can lead to fat accumulation around the stomach in men and around the buttocks and thighs in women.
Obesity: A Global Concern The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies obesity as a top preventable death cause globally. It's attributed to an estimated 111,909 to 365,000 annual U.S. deaths. Alarmingly, 36.5% of U.S. adults are labeled obese by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Health Implications of Obesity Obesity diminishes life quality, exacerbates mental health issues, causes obstructive sleep apnea, and heightens risks for global death causes like cardiovascular disease, stroke, specific cancers, and diabetes. Such complications can significantly shorten life expectancy, making obesity a focal research subject.
Hormonal Imbalance & Its Consequences Body fat secretes essential hormones. An imbalance, due to excess or scarcity, hampers the body's regular functions. Notably, surplus body fat, especially around the abdomen, affects hormone balance and function. Moreover, visceral fat releases certain cytokines involved in cell signaling, elevating cardiovascular disease risks. This fat type also correlates with high "bad cholesterol" (LDL) levels, low "good cholesterol" (HDL) levels, and insulin resistance. Elevated LDL cholesterol can block arteries, triggering heart complications. Insulin resistance, where cells don't aptly respond to insulin, can spike blood sugar levels and lead to type 2 diabetes. Hence, abundant visceral fat poses significant health threats.
Estimating Body Fat Percentage Using the U.S. Navy Method
Introduction: The U.S. Navy method involves specific equations formulated at the Naval Health Research Center by Hodgdon and Beckett in 1984 to determine body fat.
Steps for Measurement:
- For men: Measure the waist's circumference horizontally around the navel.
- For women: Measure at the thinnest section of the waist.
- Ensure the subject's stomach remains relaxed for accurate results.
- Start below the larynx, angling the measuring tape downward towards the front. The individual being measured should keep their neck in a neutral position.
Hip Measurement (For Women Only):
- Measure the circumference at the widest horizontal part of the hips.
Calculation: After obtaining the measurements, apply the given formulas to estimate body fat percentage. Equations are available for both the U.S. customary system (inches) and the International System of Units (centimeters).
BMI Method for Estimating Body Fat Percentage:
Utilize the BMI as a method to derive an estimate of body fat percentage. Consult the BMI Calculator to gain an approximation of BMI, delve into its calculation process, implications, and constraints. Essentially, BMI estimation demands the measurement of a person's weight and height. Given the BMI, apply the following formulas for body fat percentage estimation:
For Adult Males:
For Adult Females:
How to Calculate Body Fat?
To calculate body fat, use skinfold calipers to measure fat thickness at specific body sites or employ bioelectrical impedance scales which assess resistance to an electrical current.
How to Calculate Body Fat Percentage?
Body fat percentage can be estimated using skinfold calipers by measuring the thickness of fat at specific sites on the body, or by using bioelectrical impedance scales which measure resistance to an electrical current to estimate fat content